Last year Sony stole the spotlight at the top of our camcorder rankings, mainly because Canon and Panasonic didn't do enough to upgrade their top products. Now we're seeing Sony take a page out of the same book. The PJ790 comes from the same pedigree as last year's award winners, but Sony didn't bother improving the guts on its new camcorder. It has the same lens, sensor, and processor as its predecessors, and, as a result, it has the same image quality.

The updates Sony did provide are fairly minor: a new microphone (with an awkward design), an improved built-in projector, and a new 720p recording option. A few manual controls, like wider exposure adjustment and full audio level control, have also been added. With the exception of the new mic placement, these additions are all appreciated, but the PJ790V was not infused with quite enough energy to compete with the top models from Canon in 2013.

Riding on the coattails of its predecessors.

In nearly every shooting situations, the HDR-PJ790V can get you excellent image quality. That's easy to do in bright light, where most HD camcorders can produce great video. In low light, however, it's more difficult to pull off, and the PJ790V does a fantastic job. Even in total darkness the camcorder is capable of recording decent images, thanks to its NightShot infrared shooting mode.

Keep this in mind, though: if you're a fan of last year's high-end camcorders from Sony, the HDR-PJ790V is not going to get you anything better. As far as performance goes, it's got the same capabilities as the HDR-CX760V and HDR-PJ710V—both of which we reviewed, and lavished with praise, in 2012. The PJ790V is a great performer, but it's not any better than last year's Sonys.

Magic Microphone

The HDR-PJ790V features a striking design alteration that should jump out at anyone familiar with the way traditional camcorders have looked for the past five years. Like a horn growing from the camcorder's forehead, the PJ790V has a strange, protruding microphone that juts out above the lens. This mic setup is brand new, a design that Sony incorporated specifically for the PJ790V Handycam. While the design may look strange (and a bit fragile), it actually does make sense from an audio recording perspective. For starters, the camcorder ships with a wind sock that slips over the microphone—something that would not be possible with a flat microphone built into the top of the lens. In addition to the new mic setup, the PJ790V also features a fully-manual audio level control option, which is something Sony has neglected to include on previous Handycams.

While the design may look strange, it makes sense from an audio recording perspective.

The video and still image controls on the HDR-PJ790V are mostly rote. There's a new 720p MPEG-4 record mode, which is a great feature for making clips suitable for the web, but we wish the MPEG-4 options were more extensive (multiple frame rates, Full HD recording, anything!). Just like last year's CX760V and PJ710V, the PJ790V has plenty of manual video controls, and most can be set using the small control dial under the lens. Sony hasn't done anything to improve this dial in a few years, so it's starting to feel stale compared to the sweet lens rings offered on the Canon HF G20 and HF G30, as well as the Panasonic HC-X920.

Another feature the PJ790V lacks is built-in WiFi, although the camcorder does have GPS (that's what the "V" stands for). Instead of including WiFi right on the camcorder, Sony sells an optional WiFi adapter for $75 (ADP-WL1M) that lets you pair the PJ790V with your smartphone or tablet. Leaving this feature off may upset people who love wireless tech, but frankly it doesn't bother us. Sony is giving consumers an option and letting them decide for themselves if WiFi is something they want.

It may be a gimmick, but it's a fun gimmick.

Last year Sony had two separate lines for its high-end Handycams. The "PJ" series, which included the HDR-PJ710V and HDR-PJ760V, incorporated built-in projectors on the back of their LCD panels. The CX series, headed by our Best of Year winner HDR-CX760V, was identical to the PJ760V except it lacked the projector function—and was cheaper as a result.

The projector on the PJ790V has been significantly upgraded.

This year things have changed. Sony now includes a projector on all of its high-end camcorders, making the feature a staple of the Handycam lineup. If you find the idea of a built-in projector gimmicky or stupid, you must either give up on Sony or get over your prejudice now.

At least the projector on the PJ790V has been significantly upgraded. The new projector outputs at an 800 x 480 resolution (compared to 640 x 360 on previous models), emits light intensity up to 35 lumens, and offers a projector input port. This means you can theoretically project any content using the PJ790V, simply by connecting a media device to the camcorder's Micro HDMI projector terminal. This feature is really cool when you think about it, especially if you happen to be in the market for both a camcorder and a small, cheap video projector. If so, the HDR-PJ790V kills two birds with one Sony.

In the battle vs. Canon, Sony comes in second.

We won't argue the fact that the HDR-PJ790V is a great camcorder, but the lack of improvement when it comes to performance is frustrating. If you have a Sony HDR-CX760V, HDR-PJ760V, or an HDR-PJ710V from last year, then you shouldn't bother upgrading. But if you skipped out on those models last year, then the PJ790V will get you everything those cams had, plus a significant boost in audio performance and an improved projector.

Even though the HDR-PJ790V is great, we can't help but wish the camcorder had more: a full suite of MPEG-4 record modes (including higher bitrate options), a 1080/30p recording option, a lens ring or improved control dial, a better hand strap, and a capacitive-touch LCD. By simply offering a high-bitrate MPEG-4 setting, Sony could easily give its top Handycams a slight boost in performance, and that's all the already-great PJ790V would need to keep up with the competition from Canon.

For now, though, Sony's top Handycam is stuck in limbo. With Canon releasing not one, but two high-end camcorders this year (the HF G20 and the HF G30), Sony has lost its competitive edge. The Canon models have more controls, better features, and stronger performance—particularly in low light—than the PJ790V. And if you want to keep things cheap, the Canon HF G20 is available for around $1,000, as is Panasonic's top camcorder, the HC-X920. That's a good $500 worth of savings over the Sony PJ790V.
We went all-in with our testing of the Sony HDR-PJ790V in an attempt to find some area where the camcorder out-performed its predecessors. But it never happened. The PJ790V offers no significant advantages over last year's award-winning HDR-CX760V or HDR-PJ710V. It showed us the same crisp, vivid images in bright light, offered the same responsive auto controls, captured the same smooth motion, and got by in low light situations with minimal noise and decent color accuracy.

There are a couple of non-video areas in which the PJ790V does do better than last year's models. The new microphone positioning, while awkward from a handling perspective, does offer cleaner and more-directional audio recording. The built-in projector produces a clearer image, thanks to its higher-res output, and it is more functional thanks to the new projector input port. But when it comes to key video performance categories, the PJ790V is no better than Sony's top models from 2012.

With the PJ790V it's the same story as last year's Sonys: the camcorder managed 750 lp/ph horizontally and 800 lp/ph vertically in our standard sharpness test. These results were obtained using the camcorder's 1080/60p record mode, which is its smoothest and cleanest recording option.

While these numbers are great, we'd like to see them improve a tiny bit. By offering a high bitrate MPEG-4 recording option—like Canon does on the HF G30—Sony could likely increase the sharpness on its Handycams by a small margin. At the very least, a high-bitrate record mode would certainly help out in situations that require lots of detail.
The low light numbers from the HDR-PJ790V are excellent, but they aren't quite a match for the stellar performance we saw from the Canon HF G20 earlier this year. Looking at Sony's low light footage we are consistently impressed, however, as the PJ790V showed very little noise even in very low light situations. At 120 lux, the camcorder managed 0.81% noise. With half the light, at 60 lux, the noise levels barely budged, holding steady at 0.88% noise—an increase of just 0.07%. At 15 lux, which is an extremely low light level, the camcorder showed just over 1.1% noise. Many lesser models hover above 2% noise at those light levels.

Color retention in low light was also similar to what we saw from the top-level competition from Canon (as well as last year's top Sonys). At 60 lux, colors were still quite vivid and deep (78% saturation), although saturation did start fading as we dimmed the lights even lower (54% saturation at 15 lux). This is normal, though, as even some of the best video DSLRs on the market show this kind of color depth loss in extreme low light situations.

Speaking of extreme low light situations, the Sony PJ790V required 7 lux of light to produce the minimum illumination requirements of broadcast television. This is an area where Canon's new Vixia camcorders are killing the Sonys, as the HF G20 required only 3 lux of light to reach the same levels. Still, anything less than 10 lux is considered very good in our book, so the Sony PJ790V is no chump when it comes to sensitivity.
There's not much to complain about with the way the PJ790V records motion. Video looks smooth in bright light, artifacting is barely an issue (unless you drop down to one of the lower-quality settings), and rolling shutter isn't noticeable. Our only gripe is that Sony still doesn't offer a 1080/30p record mode on the camcorder. The PJ790V includes only 60p, 60i, and 24p frame rates for Full HD, and 30p is something the video community—especially those making video for the web—would greatly appreciate. It should be noted there is a 30p MPEG-4 shooting mode, but it tops out at with a 1280 x 720 resolution.

In battery life, wide angle shooting, and color accuracy the Sony HDR-PJ790V performed no differently than the HDR-PJ710V from last year. In bright light, it managed a 4.15 color error and 83.5% saturation, the wide angle was measured at 67.5°, and the battery lasted for 117 minutes of continuous recording.

We didn't officially test the new projector, but in side-by-side comparisons with last year's models we noticed the PJ790V's projected image looked a bit sharper. There's also the added bonus of being able to project anything using the camcorder thanks to the new projector input port.

Meet the testers

Jeremy Stamas

Jeremy Stamas

Managing Editor, Video

@nematode9

Jeremy is the video expert of our imaging team and Reviewed.com's head of video production. Originally from Pennsylvania and upstate NY, he graduated from Bard college with a degree in film and electronic media. He has been living and working in New England since 2005.

See all of Jeremy Stamas's reviews
Jeremy Stamas

Jeremy Stamas

Managing Editor, Video

@nematode9

Jeremy is the video expert of our imaging team and Reviewed.com's head of video production. Originally from Pennsylvania and upstate NY, he graduated from Bard college with a degree in film and electronic media. He has been living and working in New England since 2005.

See all of Jeremy Stamas's reviews

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