How to use a moka pot
Everything you need to know to make delicious stovetop coffee.
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There are plenty of ways to make coffee—drip coffee, pour over coffee, French press, espresso, and cold brew will all get you caffeinated. The moka pot is a lesser known coffee maker in the U.S., but it’s been a popular brewing method in Europe since Alfonso Bialetti designed the first Moka Express in 1933.
What is a moka pot?
Named for the Yemen city of Mocha where Bialetti first encountered this sort of device, a moka pot is a special kitchen tool that brews coffee by passing boiling water, pressurized by steam, through coffee grounds. It produces coffee somewhere in between drip and espresso—I like to think of it as coffee plus. It makes a great americano or short cup of strong coffee.
There may be easier ways to make coffee, but there's a special sense of accomplishment when you master the moka pot. I was a barista for four years and have made countless bad cups of coffee so you don’t have to; here’s how to make a great cup of moka pot coffee.
What you’ll need
- Moka pot: We love the top-rated Bialetti 6-Cup Moka Pot. This product has over 14,000 reviews on Amazon and comes in black, red, silver, and a special 3-Cup Italian Flag model.
- Coffee beans: A medium or dark roast coffee is best for a moka pot. If you’re looking for recommendations, check out our coffee roast 101.
- Gooseneck kettle: The OXO Brew Adjustable Temperature Electric Pour-Over Kettle is the best gooseneck electric kettle we've tested. In a pinch, you can also use a standard electric kettle, although it will be more difficult to be precise.
- Coffee grinder: A burr grinder like the Baratza Encore is ideal, rather than a blade grinder. We have a great list of grinder recommendations, including burr and blade models, but you can also get your coffee ground at your local shop. The key is to make sure your coffee is ground super fine.
- Digital scale: Any digital kitchen scale will work, but we highly recommend the best coffee scale we've tested: the Bonavita BV02001MU Rechargeable Auto Tare Scale.
- Kitchen towel
- Small bowl
Step by step
Step 1: Place kitchen towel in freezer
This might sound crazy, but the real first step to using a moka pot is to put a kitchen towel in the freezer. This will be instrumental in making a great cup of coffee and saving your hands from burning.
Step 2: Heat your water
Fill your kettle with water and heat to 212°F.
Step 3: Measure out your coffee
Grab your kitchen scale and set it to grams. Place a small bowl on your scale and tear it, then measure out 20 to 22 grams of finely ground coffee.
Step 4: Fill the filter basket
Carefully fill the pot’s filter basket with coffee grounds using a spoon or by gently pouring directly from the bowl. There’s no need to tamp your grounds once you’ve transferred them—unlike making espresso, loose grounds are better here because they allow the water to push through to the top of the moka pot.
Pro tip: Open the top of your moka pot and rest the full filter basket inside until you’re ready to drop it in. I can’t tell you how many times I’ve tried to balance the basket on the countertop and it’s tipped over. This trick totally eliminates that possibility!
Step 5: Assemble to moka pot
Turn your stove burner to medium heat. When the water in your kettle comes to temperature, fill the bottom chamber of the moka pot with water until the water sits just beneath the vent. Place the filter basket on top of the bottom chamber, use the dish towel to grip the bottom container filled with piping hot water, and screw on the top compartment.
Step 6: Brew your coffee
Place the moka pot on the stove-top, open the lid, and wait patiently about five to seven minutes until you see the wonderful coffee coming out of the spout. It should be a slow, steady trickle. If it starts to sputter, this means the heat is on too high; If it looks like it's not coming out at all, the heat is on too low.
Step 6: Serve
You’ll know the coffee is done brewing when the stream slows and stops bubbling out. Remove from heat, pour some coffee into your mug, and place the moka pot on a trivet or that cold kitchen towel you used before.
Enjoy your coffee as is for an intense, almost espresso-like experience, or dilute with more hot water for an americano.
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